How to Make a Temperate Forest Garden - part 2

Permaculture magazine & Trilight Entertainment
Friday, 11th December 2015

How a bare and barren field quickly became a productive and beautiful diverse food forest.

Maddy and Tim Harland, founders of Permaculture magazine, share the successes and failures of their 20 year old temperate forest garden which is full of fruits, nuts and berries, as well as a wildflower meadow abundant in beneficial insects and a productive vegetable patch. They explain why it is a biodiverse system that is 'beyond organic'.

In this second part, Maddy and Tim explain how they have planted for light, microclimates, the seven layers, for beneficial insects and for a healthy diversity of trees.

They grow over 20 varieties of apples, along with pears, medlar, walnut, cobnuts, mulberries, Nepalese and Szechuan peppers, figs, soft fruit including clove currants and Nepalese raspberry, and medicinal and herbal plants.

Their aim is to create a feel of subtropical abundance in a cool climate by clever design and the careful selection of trees and plants that will thrive in their alkaline conditions. Their philosophy is that if it thrives on chalk it will probably thrive elsewhere and they are not afraid to trial species and varieties and remove them if they don't succeed.

Filmed by Trilight Entertainment

Edited by Rozie Apps at Permaculture magazine

Further resources

Maddy and Tim are holding two forest garden days at their property on 14 May and 1 October 2016. Limited to 12 places. For more information email tim[at]

How to make a temperate forest garden - part 1

Trees for Gardens, Orchards and Permaculture

Watch: Forest gardening: the 7 layers


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